Oral Contraceptives (Centchroman) training


Level of training - District
Target participants - Medical Officers/Staff Nurses
Total duration - 1 day
Total participant/batch - 25-30

Ensuring healthy timing and spacing of pregnancies is now one of the key interventions for reproductive, maternal, neonatal, child and adolescent health (RMNCH+A) strategy.The renewed emphasis on use of reversible or spacing methods of contraceptives, which are safe and effective for women, has brought the spotlight on improving women’s access to oral contraceptive methods.
Oral contraception is a known and popular method of contraception and refers to birth control methods taken orally, to prevent or delay pregnancy. The combined oral contraceptive pill was the first oral contraceptive method and was marketed in 1960. In the following decades newer methods of oral contraception such as, progestin-only pills and Centchroman (Ormeloxifene) and emergency contraceptive pills have been popularised. Oral contraceptive methods are highly effective when taken correctly and consistently.
Combined Oral Contraceptives (COCs) contain low doses of the hormones progestin and estrogen while Progestin-Only Pills (POPs), also called minipills, contain low dose of the progestin hormone only, allowing breastfeeding women to use them. The first non-steroidal once a week pill ‘Centchroman (Ormeloxifene)’ was developed indigenously by the Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Lucknow.
Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) can reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy when taken after unprotected sexual intercourse and offer women an important second chance to prevent pregnancy when a regular method fails, no method was used or sex was forced. ECPs contain either progesterone alone or progestin and estrogen combined together to prevent ovulation.
Documented evidence shows that expansion of the contraceptive method mix in low and middle income countries has a positive relationship with contraceptive use. Use of contraception may be increased by extending the availability of current methods and by introducing new methods in the existing basket of choices.

Title  Download
Reference Manual for Oral Contraceptive Pills      (2.87 MB)
Important Links    
MoHFW NIHFW NHM GoI Health Department NHM Haryana TMIS